What Is A Borderline Urine Sample?

Why do I have white blood cells in my urine but no infection?

Sterile pyuria.

It is possible to have white blood cells in the urine without a bacterial infection.

Sterile pyuria refers to the persistent presence of white blood cells in the urine when no bacteria are found to be present by laboratory examination..

Can urine sample detect kidney infection?

Bacteria also can be found in the urine of healthy people, so a kidney infection is diagnosed based both on your symptoms and a lab test. Urine culture. A health care professional may culture your urine to find out what type of bacteria is causing the infection.

What is found in a normal urine sample?

Some examples include glucose, protein, bilirubin, red blood cells, white blood cells, crystals, and bacteria. They may be present because: There is an elevated level of the substance in the blood and the body responds by trying to eliminate the excess in the urine. Kidney disease is present.

What should you not do before a urine test?

Before your test, make sure to drink plenty of water so you can give an adequate urine sample. However, drinking excessive amounts of water may cause inaccurate results. One or two extra glasses of fluid, which can include juice or milk if your diet allows, is all you need the day of the test.

Can I drink water before urine test?

Certain medications and kidney problems can also cause urine dilution. To prevent urine dilution, limit water and diuretic intake before administering the test. You can also collect urine in the early morning or before work.

Is there a difference between female urine and male urine?

Urinalysis is the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine. It involves a number of tests to detect and measure various compounds that pass through the urine. The female and male urinary tracts are relatively the same except for the length of the urethra.

What are the abnormalities in urine?

Asymptomatic urinary abnormalities that are commonly diagnosed by dipstick and microscopic examination of urine are glycosuria, pyuria, crystalluria, bacteriuria, hematuria, and proteinuria: Glycosuria: Glycosuria in the absence of hyperglycemia suggests renal glycosuria or proximal tubular disease.

What can show up in a urine test?

Urine tests are most commonly done to check:for infections – such as a urinary tract infection (UTI) or some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia in men.if you are passing any protein in your urine as a result of kidney damage – this is known as an ACR test.

What infections can be found in urine?

The most common infections diagnosed by urinalysis are UTIs, which are one of the most common bacterial infections that require medical intervention. Several other infections such as community-acquired pneumonia and viremia infections can also be diagnosed with the help of urinalysis.

How do I read my urine test results?

Normal values are as follows:Color – Yellow (light/pale to dark/deep amber)Clarity/turbidity – Clear or cloudy.pH – 4.5-8.Specific gravity – 1.005-1.025.Glucose – ≤130 mg/d.Ketones – None.Nitrites – Negative.Leukocyte esterase – Negative.More items…•

What color should Urine be for a drug test?

Within the normal range of urine color, you may see: Pale yellow: This is a healthy color. Your body is functioning normally and hydration levels are optimal. However, if pale yellow becomes clear, you may be overhydrated.

What does it mean if you have white cells in your urine?

Most causes of blood in your urine are not serious, But sometimes red or white blood cells in your urine can mean that you have a medical condition that needs treatment, such as a kidney disease, urinary tract infection, or liver disease.

What does an abnormal urine sample mean?

Abnormal pH levels may indicate a kidney or urinary tract disorder. Concentration. A measure of concentration, or specific gravity, shows how concentrated particles are in your urine. A higher than normal concentration often is a result of not drinking enough fluids.

What should not be found in urine?

Red blood cells, white blood cells, protein, glucose and amino acids should be kept in the blood. These components should not be present in urine. water and salt is needed by the body and will remain in the blood.

Why do I keep getting bacteria in my urine?

Several factors make women more likely to get recurrent bladder infections, a type of urinary tract infection (UTI). These factors include: Kidney or bladder stones. Bacteria entering the urethra — the tube that carries urine from your body — during intercourse.

What does OCC in urine test mean?

An epithelial cells in urine test looks at urine under a microscope to see if the number of your epithelial cells is in the normal range. It’s normal to have a small amount of epithelial cells in your urine. A large amount may indicate an infection, kidney disease, or other serious medical condition.

What is the most common urine test?

The most common use of urinalysis is to detect substances or cells in the urine that point to different disorders. Urinalysis is used to diagnose disease or to screen for health problems.

Is white blood cells in urine bad?

If your doctor tests your urine and finds too many leukocytes, it could be a sign of infection. Leukocytes are white blood cells that help your body fight germs. When you have more of these than usual in your urine, it’s often a sign of a problem somewhere in your urinary tract.

How much pee is enough for a urine sample?

One to two ounces of urine—a sufficient sample is required for accurate results; sometimes you may be directed to collect a sample using a “clean-catch” technique: women should spread the labia of the vagina and clean from front to back; men should wipe the tip of the penis.

Can you be identified through urine?

At a crime scene, urine may be used to identify the perpetrator of a crime, or to place a victim at a particular site. In a laboratory, DNA analysis may be needed to positively identify an individual as the submitter of a particular urine sample, especially in the case of contested positive sample.

What is a positive urine test?

ANSWER. If your urine test is positive, it means your kidneys can no longer filter your blood as well as they should. It also shows you have blood vessel disease that could lead to heart problems.