What Are The Structural Components Of The Urinary System?

What are the components of the urinary system?

The organs of the urinary system include the kidneys, renal pelvis, ureters, bladder and urethra.

The body takes nutrients from food and converts them to energy.

After the body has taken the food components that it needs, waste products are left behind in the bowel and in the blood..

What are the 4 main functions of the urinary system?

Kidney and urinary system parts and their functionsRemove waste products and medicines from the body.Balance the body’s fluids.Balance a variety of electrolytes.Release hormones to control blood pressure.Release a hormone to control red blood cell production.Help with bone health by controlling calcium and phosphorus.

How do we keep the urinary system healthy?

13 Tips to Keep Your Bladder HealthyDrink enough fluids, especially water. Most healthy people should try to drink six to eight, 8-ounce glasses of fluid each day. … Limit alcohol and caffeine. … Quit smoking. … Avoid constipation. … Keep a healthy weight. … Exercise regularly. … Do pelvic floor muscle exercises. … Use the bathroom often and when needed.More items…•

Why is urinary system needed?

The urinary system allows your body to successfully filter out your blood, creates urine as a waste product, then stores and excretes it. But that’s not all it does. The urinary tract system is an integral part of your body’s overall maintenance as it works to maintain homeostasis and produce necessary hormones.

What are the structures of the kidney?

Internally, the kidneys have an intricate and unique structure. The renal parenchyma can be divided into two main areas – the outer cortex and inner medulla. The cortex extends into the medulla, dividing it into triangular shapes – these are known as renal pyramids.

Is urinary system and excretory system the same?

One aspect of this function is to rid the body of waste products that accumulate as a result of cellular metabolism, and, because of this, it is sometimes referred to as the excretory system. Although the urinary system has a major role in excretion, other organs contribute to the excretory function.

What is the most important part of the urinary system?

The kidneys form the urine and account for the other functions attributed to the urinary system. The ureters carry the urine away from kidneys to the urinary bladder, which is a temporary reservoir for the urine. The urethra is a tubular structure that carries the urine from the urinary bladder to the outside.

What are the 7 functions of the kidneys?

KIDNEYSRegulation of extracellular fluid volume. The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organs.Regulation of osmolarity. … Regulation of ion concentrations. … Regulation of pH. … Excretion of wastes and toxins. … Production of hormones.

What is the structure and function of the renal system?

The system contains two kidneys, which control the electrolyte composition of the blood and eliminate dissolved waste products and excess amounts of other substances from the blood; the latter substances are excreted in the urine, which passes from the kidneys to the bladder by way of two thin muscular tubes called the …

What are common diseases of the urinary system?

Some of the more common problems of the urinary system include:Bladder infections – (cystitis) usually caused by bacteria.Enlarged prostate – in men, this can make it difficult to empty the bladder.Incontinence – when urine leaks out of the urethra.Kidney infections – when a bladder infection ‘backs up’ the ureters.More items…•

What are the 7 functions of the urinary system?

Kidney and urinary system parts and their functionsRemove waste products and medicines from the body.Balance the body’s fluids.Balance a variety of electrolytes.Release hormones to control blood pressure.Release a hormone to control red blood cell production.Help with bone health by controlling calcium and phosphorus.

What is the correct path of urine in our body?

Urine is formed in the kidneys through a filtration of blood. The urine is then passed through the ureters to the bladder, where it is stored. During urination, the urine is passed from the bladder through the urethra to the outside of the body.

What does the urinary system interact with?

The urinary system works as a filter, removing toxins and wastes from your body through urine. It uses a series of tubes and ducts to pass this waste. These tubes are connected to your blood vessels and digestive system. Your urinary system helps the rest of your body work properly.

What are the structural and functional unit of kidney called?

nephronThe nephron is the functional unit of the kidney. The glomerulus and convoluted tubules of the nephron are located in the cortex of the kidney, while the collecting ducts are located in the pyramids of the kidney’s medulla.