What Are The Five Basic Principles For Infection Control?

What are the 5 basic principles of infection control?

Introduction.The general principles of infection prevention and control.Hand hygiene.Using personal protective equipment.Safe handling and disposal of sharps.Safe handling and disposal of chemical waste.Managing blood and bodily fluids..

What are the basic infection control?

Infection Control BasicsDisinfection and sterilization.Environmental infection control.Hand hygiene.Isolation precautions.Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO)Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI)Intravascular catheter-related infection (BSI)Organ transplantation.More items…

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What are the two basic goals of infection control?

The two basic goals of infection control are to protect the patient and health care personnel from infection. Infection control starts with standard precautions. Standard precautions are the methods recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for preventing the transmission of infections.

What are the most common bacteria?

The following is a comprehensive list of 25 of the most common bacteria and viruses causing HAIs:Escherichia coli. … Klebsiella pneumoniae. … Morganella morganii. … Mycobacterium abscessus. … Psuedomonas aeruginosa. … Staphylococcus aureus. … Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. … Mycobacterium tuberculosis.More items…•

What is infection control and what are your responsibilities?

It means preventing and controlling illnesses that can be spread in the health-care. setting. The purpose of infection prevention and control is to identify and reduce. the risk of infections among patients, employees, medical staff members, contract.

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What are infection control techniques?

Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What is the first step in infection control?

The first step in infection control is hand hygiene.

What is the most effective level of infection control?

They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients. Hand hygiene is a major component of standard precautions and one of the most effective methods to prevent transmission of pathogens associated with health care.

Which form of hepatitis is most difficult to kill?

Hepatitis Delta is considered to be the most severe form of hepatitis because of its potential to quickly lead to more serious liver disease than hepatitis B alone. Of the 292 million people living with chronic hepatitis B, approximately 15-20 million are also living with hepatitis D.