Quick Answer: What Is The Correct Sequence For Parts Of The Renal Tubule Quizlet?

What is the correct order of filtrate flow through the renal tubule?

The Urinary SystemQuestionAnswerWhich is the correct order of filtrate flowglomerular apsule, proximal convoluted tubule (PCT), loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule (DCT), collecting ductWhich structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substancesproximal convoluted tubule110 more rows.

What are the components of the renal tubule quizlet?

Terms in this set (8)Primary function of Renal Tubule. … 3 sections of the Renal Tubule. … Proximal Convoluted Tobule. … Loop of Henle – Descending Limb. … Loop of Henle – Ascending Limb. … Distal Convoluted Tubule – Simple cuboidal cells. … Distal Convoluted Tubule – Principle Cells. … Distal Convoluted Tubule – Intercalated Cells.

What are characteristics associated with the two types of nephrons?

What are characteristics associated with the two types of nephrons? Check all that apply. – Cortical nephrons make up about 85% of all nephrons. – Juxtamedullary nephrons make up about 15% of nephrons.

What are the 2 primary functions of the kidney?

The kidneys act as very efficient filters for ridding the body of waste and toxic substances, and returning vitamins, amino acids, glucose, hormones and other vital substances into the bloodstream. The kidneys receive a high blood flow and this is filtered by very specialised blood vessels.

How do you distinguish between proximal and distal convoluted tubules?

A proximal convoluted tubule drains filtrate away from a renal corpuscle. A loop of Henle descends into the medulla, makes a hairpin turn, and returns to the cortex. The distal convoluted tubule passes near to the original corpuscle (at the juxtaglomerular apparatus), then leads to a collecting duct.

What is the correct sequence for renal tubules from start to end?

Proximal convoluted tubule, descending limb of loop of Henle, ascending limb of loop of Henle, Distal convoluted.

What happens in the renal tubule?

The function of the proximal tubule is essentially reabsorption of filtrate in accordance with the needs of homeostasis (equilibrium), whereas the distal part of the nephron and collecting duct are mainly concerned with the detailed regulation of water, electrolyte, and hydrogen-ion balance.

What process occurs in the glomerulus?

Filtration. Filtration takes place in the glomerulus , which is the vascular beginning of the nephron . Approximately one-fourth of the blood flow from cardiac output circulates through the kidney, the greatest rate of blood flow for any organ .

What is the renal corpuscle made of?

The nephron is composed of renal corpuscle and renal tubule and is the functional unit of the kidney. The renal corpuscle consists of Bowman’s capsule and glomerular capillaries, responsible for plasma filtration (image A) & (image B). Network of capillaries that invaginate into Bowman’s capsule.

What are the parts of a nephron and their function?

The glomerulus is the site in the nephron where fluid and solutes are filtered out of the blood to form a glomerular filtrate. The proximal and distal tubules, the loop of Henle, and the collecting ducts are sites for the reabsorption of water and ions.

Which are parts of a renal tubule?

The components of the renal tubule are:Proximal convoluted tubule (lies in cortex and lined by simple cuboidal epithelium with brush borders which help to increase the area of absorption greatly.)Loop of Henle (hair-pin like, i.e. U-shaped, and lies in medulla) … Distal convoluted tubule.Connecting tubule.

What is the correct branching sequence of arteries in the kidney?

The renal artery first divides into segmental arteries, followed by further branching to form multiple interlobar arteries that pass through the renal columns to reach the cortex. The interlobar arteries, in turn, branch into arcuate arteries, cortical radiate arteries, and then into afferent arterioles.

What are the two primary functions of the kidney quizlet?

Terms in this set (34) What are two primary functions of the kidney? excretion and regulation.

What is the other name of nephrons?

The other name of the nephron is the uriniferous tubules. Tube nephron or the uriniferous tubules are considered as the ‘functional unit’ of the kidney.

What is the correct sequence for parts of the renal tubule?

proximal convoluted tubule (red: found in the renal cortex) loop of Henle (blue: mostly in the medulla) distal convoluted tubule (purple: found in the renal cortex) collecting tubule (black: in the medulla)